Used in cosmetics products to prevent the appearance of micro-organisms such as bacteria or fungi, or to inhibit the oxidation of oily substances. Some preservatives can be allergenic.
These help protect the appearance and properties of a formula when the product is in contact with the air.
Solvents used to stabilise formulas and set fragrances. Some are suspected to be endocrine disruptors, carcinogenic, and harmful for the environment.
Used in cleaning products, sulphates enable a product to foam but they sensitise the skin and remove its natural protective barrier so that it dries out.
Sodium Lauryl Sulfate
Ammonium Lauryl Sulfate
These form a protective film on the hair or skin, but the protection is artificial and does not care for the skin. In the long term, it prevents the skin from breathing. These agents are plastic derivatives and are not biodegradable.
Silicones are often used for the soft, agreeable texture that they bring a product. However, silicones are not easily biodegradable
Plastic particles are not used in rinse-off products. Indeed, they are considered harmful for the environment.
Particles of polyethylene
Nanomaterials are used to improve the visual and tactile properties of a product, as well as its texture. However, they are suspected to be biopersistent and, in some cases, carcinogenic.